The war of June 1967 . Six day war - The Set-back
This is the 3rd Arab-Israeli round , The Israelis call it "The six day war" , While the Arabs call it "Al-Naksa (The set-back)"
The Egyptian Armed forces had never severely witnessed injustice in their contemporary history but that received in the war of June 1967 .
It was not a war or a fight between counter-armies having readiness or such a war . But rather it was seen , in part as a war of mistaken estimations and as a war against achievement system of aspirant forces aiming at achieving political victory in order to end an ongoing revolutionary phase in the Middle East .
In the war of June 1967 , it had not been historically proven that Israel had induced Egypt to fight by means of advanced deluding methods so as to beat her , the term "induce" applies only to an immature and powerless leadership , which was not to the Egyptians .
Yet , The Egyptian leadership made a series of mistakes on military level , it demonstrated the slogan of "The ability to manage the war on two fronts" which was not available to it , politically it acted under the slogan of "Nationalism of the Battle or Egyptian liabilities towards Arab countries ", Ignoring Egypt's own interest .
Thus , it can be concluded that the Egyptian armed forces were dealt injustice twice in this war, firstly when they were driven into a war without any preparation , secondly when they were given the orders to withdraw from Sinai a matter that led to losing balance at the beginnings of the war before they could show their real skills , moreover the withdrawal resolution itself was a disaster for the Egyptian forces as they were left in the lurch to the Israeli air force to wreak havoc on the greater part of them .
The Israeli offensive Plan :- concentrated on directing an intensive air strike using 183 aircrafts starting at 8:48 a.m. , on June 5th 1967 at the Egyptian airfields , radar sites and air defense positions , The strike was repeated using 164 crafts at 9:30 a.m. against the same targets to ensure complete destruction .
Israel used it's total air force in these strikes , and by achieving the desired objectives of the airstrike their land forces would be able to attack in the northern axis of Sinai , and at night , they had to attack in the middle axis along the ambush group
The Israeli air strikes succeeded for good planning and restricting the Egyptian air defense fires , Nevertheless , There were many individual heroic actions by the Egyptian pilots tho tried to prevent the Israeli air force from achieving their tasks ,Most of the Egyptian air force were destroyed on the ground ,success of the airstrikes brought imbalance on the Egyptian front .That strike was repeated to all the Arab Air forces .
On the land theater of operations , The Egyptian and Israeli forces fought each other with alternate success , but there was a difference between the two forces morale, The Egyptian forces learned about the destruction of their air force , while the Israeli forces were protected by their own , yet the situation was completely under the Egyptian control on June 5 because of the engineering preparations in Sinai and the insistence of the defense forces on defeating the Israeli forces .
On the morning of June 6 Marshal Amer (on his own) ordered the Egyptian Armed forces to withdraw from Sinai , without consulting any military commanders or political officials , the unorganized withdrawal , blocking the narrow roads and destruction of the moving columns by The Israeli air force resulted in the great catastrophe , Hence the withdrawal was the main cause behind the destruction of the greater part of the Egyptian equipment and forces , The Egyptian army was an easy prey for the Israeli air force , The same thing happened to the All Arab armies , That were destroyed without fighting .
The war of June 1967 was not a war in the real sense of the word , it was not a confrontation between professional armies, but rather a series of errors led to disasters for the Egyptian armed forces that have never been powerless or untrustworthy . The results of this war showed Israel as aspirant cunning wolf that was eager to capture the neighboring lands , Israel managed to occupy parts from 3 Arab countries whose area was fourfold Israel's area itself, Israel made the Same plan to the Other Arab armies , Israel occupied the Sinai Desert , The Golan Heights , The West Bank , The Gaza strip and The Eastern city of Jerusalem, The USA showed it's explicit unlimited political and military support for Israel .
For the Egyptians Political and military mistakes made on June 1967 were accumulated to over 20 they were the fundamental main stays of the spiritual and material arrangements for the war of October 1973 were based, by that war , The Armed forces restored Egypt's dignity and reputation and achieved access to road to peace and prosperity for the Egyptian people
Here are some pictures from the war .