Reasons behind the Arab-Israeli Conflict -The beginning
This website explains the Arab-Israeli conflict from the beginnings and the reason of every war , with awesome photos and explain , and very rare parts from the generals memories , at the top of the page click on the war's year to open it's page .
We will talk about the Arab-Israeli conflict from the beginnings to the 1973 war , But before we talk about it we have to see the events happened before it .
The Holy Lands called now Palestine and Israel , remained throughout it's modern history under the Turkish rule for about 4 centuries. Along this period the people there stayed in peace and calmness until the Zionism movement came into existence , trying hard to unite all Jews all over the world with the aim of establishing their state in Palestine , Moses Hess was the first man to think about the modern Zionism, But didn't perform any act to put it into effect , until Theoder Herrzel showed up (But He didn't think about Palestine at the beginning , He wanted to Gather the Jews Together in a Part in Africa , But He found ths Hard so he Thought About Palestine ) He founded The Zionism movement and held the first Zionism conference in August 1897 Demanding financial Aids , Therefore the world Zionism organization was established .
The Jews began to move into Palestine .
Then The WW1 Broke out , at the end of 1917 The Allies Fell into a critical situation because the rebellion of the french army , the collapse of the Italian army and the beginning of the Russian army withdrawal from the war , All these Factors let the British desire of attracting the American Public opinion with the aim of drawing The USA to participate side by side with Britain in the war .
At that time the Jews gained political and economical importance , therefore when Mr. Balfour -The British minister of foreign affairs- Left for the USA he directed his attention to addressing the Jews so that they may affect the public opinion and decision makers concerning the participation of America in the War , so he issued a declaration with his own name entitled "Balfour Declaration" , in this Declaration he promised the Jews to establish their national home in Palestine
With that decleration , Great Britain contradicated other promises it made to the Arabs , in 1915 promsing them liberty and independence in turn their alliance with the allies against the Turks in The war , more over Lord Balfour Himself sent Al-sheriff Hussien a telegram on the 8th of february 1918 mentioning that Britain inagreement with thwe Allies will support each movement aiming liberation of all the Arab countries including Palestine .
The war ended and nothing of this happened , and more and more Jews began to arrive in Illegal immigration , The Jews Began to make many Terrorist attacks to the English forces in Palestine ,and there were many attacks between the Arabs and the Jews, so on the 17th of may 1939 Britain issued what is called "the white book" in which it announced that establishing a Jewish state in Palestine was not among it's aim , and it's aim is establishing an independent government in Palestine comprising both the Arabs and the Jews , The Arabs welcomed this book with lots of caution , while the Jews rejected it because it didn't establish a state for them in Palestine .
The Arabs and the Jews lived quiet peacefully for a long time , until more than 400,000 illegal Jewish immigration Happened , and the Jews began to terrorize the Palestinians to leave their homes , also the Jews made many terrorist attacks to the English army , so finally the British government decided to submit the case to the UN after failing to find a solution .
Till that moment the Jews were Just 29% of the people living in Palestine , But the UN gave those 29% complete 58% of the Land of Palestine , wich is unfaire for the Arab majority in Palestine .
The English army withdrawed on the 14th of May 1948 ,then in the middle of May , Ben Gurion announced the creation of the state of Israel on The land of Palestne .
Here are some photos of Palestine Before 1948