The war of Attrition
After The unexpected defeat of 1967 , Egypt declared that she refuses that defeat , and it will done it's best to get it's occupied lands , But this was not easy , Because the Egyptians needed time to rebuild their armed forces , So they launched the war of attrition , Just to drain Israel's energy and make it pay heavy losses of it's men' lives , To make Israel understand that occupying the Egyptian lands will cost them alot .
This war passed through 2 phases , a declared one and an undeclared one , Here are the most important topics happened in the first phase :-
1-Ras El-Aish battle (July 1967) , It was a Tank battle Between The Egyptians and The Israelis Ended with great losses in the Israeli side , This battle in spite of it's limitlessness stood behind the general feeling which emerged among warriors concerning the possibilities of achieving victory , as such it made every leader hope that such battle would be repeated within the limit of his battalion .
2-The air battles on July 14th and 15th 1967 such battles helped in increasing the warriors' self-confident as they saw their air force covering them in the battlefield theater
3-The sinking of Elat , an Israeli destroyer on October 21st 1967 , it declared the outset of using surface-to-surface missles , and asserted the capability of the Egyptian Naval Forces of protecting their territorial water .
These actions were of greatest effect on the sprites of the Egyptian people and army Globally it Helped in refuting the claimed saying of Israel that the Egyptian armed forces became a stiff corpse
The second phase of the war of Attrition:-In 1969 The Egyptian forced Launched The Declared phase of The War of attrition , The Battles were that the Egyptian forces have to cross the Canal , attack the Israeli Patrols , and then withdraw quickly .
In this war The Egyptian Forces proved that it can challenge the Israeli forces , Israel suffered 2,600 killed , While Egypt suffered 400 Killed .
The Israelis were not prepared for that war , or how to treat it , so when their losses began to increase Their air force began to attack the Depth of Egypt, Just to force the Egyptians to End the war , But The Egyptian Engineers successfully built the Missiles wall , It was a wall of the Sam missiles , the latest Soviet technology in Air defense , So in August 1970 The Israelis attacked again with their planes , But were surprised by Missiles destroying their planes from every where, They lost 46 Phantom plane in Just 1 week , The prime minister Golda Mier said "The Egyptians there instead of planting cotton , they planted missiles !"
So The American Minister of foreign affairs presented what is known by "Roger's Initiative"ً that states that the Egyptians have to stop that war, in return of the withdrawal of the Israeli side from Sinai, the 2 parties accepted and the war ended
for the first time since 1967 the USA suggested the withdrawal of the Israeli forces from Sinai, it suggested this Just after the war , that prove the success of the Egyptian army .
The most Important Result of this war , that the Morale of the Egyptian warrior became High , That made him ready for the next round .
Here are some photos about that war .